VEGETARIAN JOURNAL



Vegetarian Journal 2004 Issue 3

Foodservice Update

Healthy Tips and Recipes for Institutions
by Nancy Berkoff, RD, EdD

At a recent food service conference, I was asked to suggest ideas for healthy, colorful entrée and dessert sauces. Attendees, who were food service directors from health care facilities, schools, colleges, and universities nationwide, said they were getting more and more requests for lowfat, healthy, gluten-free, vegan or vegetarian menu items. The entrées and desserts were easy to create. The sauces were not so simple.

First, we need to review a bit of military history. Potage Crécy, or purée of carrot soup, was created to memorialize one of Napoleon’s military victories. As the story goes, his much beleaguered chef, who was cooking out of a horse-drawn cart-kitchen parked in a carrot field, made the most of the “natural ingredients” available to him to create a colorful, lively menu item, worthy of a place on a victory table.

Classic preparation of Potage Crécy is simple. Boil sliced carrots with a peeled potato or two until all are soft. Purée (in a blender or food processor or through a food mill) until smooth. Add the purée back to the pot, season with salt, pepper, thyme, and sage, and allow the mixture to reheat. (Napoleon’s chef would have added a touch of cream and melted butter for thickening, but they are really not necessary. The starch in the potato is more than sufficient for thickening.)

What could be easier or more colorful? This preparation technique can be done with many root vegetables, such as celery root, parsley root, beets, parsnips, rutabagas, or sweet potatoes, or with winter squash, including butternut, banana, turban, or acorn. You can also use other starchy vegetables, such as kohlrabi, summer squash, eggplant, or corn.

Wouldn’t it be fun to serve grilled vegetables with a pumpkin sauce (Potage prepared with pumpkin), green beans with a sweet potato sauce, baked eggplant with a celery sauce, or smoked tofu with a savory banana squash sauce?

Leftover cooked vegetables and leftover mashed potatoes can be combined in a blender or food processor, thinned with a small amount of vegetable stock or vegetable juice for a fast Potage. If this dish is thinned a small amount, it can be served as a hot or cold soup or sauce. Left thick, it can be used as a hot or cold dip for vegetable chips, French fries or baked potato wedges, bread sticks, vegetable sticks, or assorted flat breads. It can even be used as a colorful salad dressing.

Basic Potage can be seasoned with curry spices, cumin, dry mustard, or Mediterranean mixtures, such as dried basil, oregano, and garlic. For savory dishes, add onion powder, chili powder, or red pepper flakes. For a sweet dessert sauce, prepare Potage from carrots, winter squash, or sweet potatoes. Then, season with orange juice concentrate, orange or lemon zest, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, mace, or ginger. Serve sweet Potage sauce with a trio of sorbets, soy or rice ice cream, or sweetened tofu or pudding parfaits. You can even use it as a dipping sauce for cookies.

Basic Potage Crécy

(Makes about 1 quart)

2 pounds sliced fresh carrots
1/2 pound peeled baking or Russet potatoes
1 pint water (or water to cover)
1 teaspoon white pepper

Place all ingredients in a small stock pot. Bring to a fast boil. Immediately reduce heat, cover, and allow to simmer until all vegetables are soft, about 20 minutes. Place vegetables and liquid in a blender or food processor (you may have to do this in batches). Process until smooth. Pour back into pot. Cook over low heat until hot.

Variations:



Excerpts from the 2004 Issue 3:
Encouraging Vegetarian Foods at Concession Stands
Get veggie options at baseball parks and other venues with tips from Johanna McCloy.
Regional Cuisines
Nancy Berkoff, RD, brings distinctive cooking styles from around the United States to your table.
Vegan Indian Dinner
Nutrition Hotline
What kind of calcium is best absorbed from soymilk? Is carrageenan dangerous? Do African-American vegetarians live longer than their meat-eating counterparts?
Note from the Coordinators
Veggie Bits
Scientific Update
Notes from the Scientific Department
Foodservice Update
2004 Scholarship Winners
Vegan Cooking Tips
Garbanzos! by Chef Nancy Berkoff
Vegetarian Action
Establishing Guidelines for Veggie Lunches in Schools, by Heather Gorn

The Vegetarian Journal published here is not the complete issue, but these are excerpts from the published magazine. Anyone who wishes to see everything should subscribe to the magazine.

Thanks to volunteer Stephanie Schueler for converting this article to HTML.



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Last Updated
Sept. 5, 2004

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