VRG-NEWS: The Vegetarian Resource Group Newsletter
Volume 19, Issue 8

August 2015

By Shani Stewart

CONTENTS

  1. LETTER FROM THE EDITOR
  2. VISIT VRG AT THESE OUTREACH BOOTHS
  3. VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP RESEARCH AND NEWS
  4. A BIG THANK YOU TO OUR AMAZING VRG VOLUNTEERS
  5. UNSUNG VEGAN HEROES AWARD
  6. IGIVE
  7. CALCIUM STEARATE IN FOODS: VEGAN, BY JEANNE YACOUBOU, MS
  8. BECOME A MONTHLY DONOR FOR VRG
  9. VRG VEGAN RESTAURANT GATHERING - NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE - SUNDAY, OCTOBER 4, 2015
  10. ABOUT THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP
  11. ABOUT VRG NEWS

1) LETTER FROM THE EDITOR

Hello Everyone,

Many of us lack the available time to prepare vegan meals, or even find delicious vegan snacks. Some of us even like to try new products or recipes. With the internet, convenience is only a click away. I had been looking for a Vegan Subscription Box deal online for snacks, and saw several different companies I could choose from. Here are some of the companies that I was considering:

There were other services that offered vegan boxes as an option, as well as vegan-friendly monthly cosmetic subscriptions. I am going to try one and let you know how it goes in a future issue. If you have any experience with any of these or other services you'd like to share, let me know at vrg@vrg.org

top


2) VISIT VRG AT THESE OUTREACH BOOTHS

Come visit VRG at these events!

Vegan SoulFest
Baltimore, MD
Saturday, Sept. 19, 2015
http://www.vegansoulfest.com/ ]
VRG Benefit Day at Great Sage
Clarksville, MD
September 27, 2015
https://www.facebook.com/events/827211950704661/ ]
DC VegFest
Washington, DC
October 3, 2015
http://dcvegfest.com/ ]
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nashville, TN
October 3-6, 2015
http://www.eatrightfnce.org/FNCE/ ]
VRG Vegan Restaurant Gathering
Nashville, TN
October 4, 2015
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/03/11/vrg-vegan-restaurant-gathering-in-nashville-tennessee/ ]

top


3) VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP RESEARCH AND NEWS

NO CHOLESTEROL PASSOVER RECIPES BOOK NOW AVAILABLE IN KINDLE, BLUE BUNNY NON-DAIRY ICECREAM IN SELECT CITIES, VRG AT VEGETARIAN FESTIVAL, VEGAN MUSICIAN EMAILINE DELAPAIX, UNSUNG VEGAN HEROES AWARD, SURPRISING POWER OF FOOD TO PREVENT AND REVERSE DISEASE AND MORE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/23/reflection-on-my-internship-at-the- vegetarian-resource-group/ ]
NO CHOLESTEROL PASSOVER RECIPES BOOK NOW AVAILABLE IN KINDLE FORMAT
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/23/no-cholesterol-passover-recipes-book-now-available-in-kindle-format/ ]
MY INTERNING EXPERIENCE AT THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/24/my-interning-experience-at-the-vegetarian-resource-group/ ]
HOW TO TURN YOUR PASSION FOR VEGAN LIFE INTO A BUSINESS PODCAST
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/24/how-to-turn-your-passion-for-vegan-life-into-a-business-podcast/ ]
MAKE VEGAN YOGURT IN YOUR HOME
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/25/make-vegan-yogurt-in-your-home/ ]
SMOOTHIE KING ADDS VEGAN OPTIONS
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/25/smoothie-king-adds-vegan-options/ ]
DINING SERVICES AT UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA TRULY VEGAN FRIENDLY?
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/30/dining-services-at-university-of-florida-truly-vegan-friendly/ ]
BLUE BUNNY DAIRY FREE ICE CREAM BEING TESTED IN SELECT CITIES
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/06/30/blue-bunny-dairy-free-ice-cream-being-tested-in-select-cities/ ]
THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP EXHIBITED AT THE RICHMOND VEGFEST
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/01/the-vegetarian-resource-group-exhibited-at-the-richmond-vegfest/ ]
THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP AT VEGETARIAN FESTIVAL
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/01/the-vegetarian-resource-group-at-vegetarian-festival/ ]
VEGAN MUSICIAN EMAILINE DELAPAIX
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/02/vegan-musician-emaline-delapaix/ ]
SUMMER RECIPES
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/02/summer-recipes/ ]
UNSUNG VEGAN HEROES AWARD
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/03/unsung-vegan-heroes-award/ ]
VEGAN RESTAURANTS ADDED TO THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUPS ONLINE GUIDE TO VEGAN/ VEGETARIAN RESTAURANTS IN THE USA
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/03/vegan-restaurants-added-to-the-vegetarian-resource-groups-online-guide-to-veganvegetarian-restaurants-in-the-usa/ ]
IGIVE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/07/igive/ ]
MY OPINION ABOUT ACTIVISM THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/07/my-opinion-about-activism-through-social-media/ ]
THE SURPRISING POWER OF FOOD TO PREVENT AND REVERSE DISEASE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/08/the-surprising-power-of-food-to-prevent-and-reverse-disease/ ]
EATING VEGAN WHILE ABROAD IN A SECLUDED AREA FROM REFUGEE CAMPS TO BIG CITIES
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/08/eating-vegan-while-abroad-in-a-secluded-area-from-refugee-camps-to-big-cities/ ]
HOW DO I TRANSITION INTO VEGANISIM
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/09/how-do-i-transition-into-veganism/ ]
VEGAN OPTIONS AT SALADWORKS
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/10/vegan-options-at-saladwork/ ]
IPANEMA CAFE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/14/ipanema-cafe/ ]
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I'M DISCOURAGED AFTER BEING VEGAN FOR A WHILE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/16/what-should-i-do-if-im-discouraged-after-being-vegan-for-a-while/ ]
MY VISIT TO POPLAR SPRING ANIMAL SANCTUARY
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/16/my-visit-to-poplar-spring-animal-sanctuary/ ]
EVERYTHING YOU EVER NEEDED OR WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT PICNICS VEGAN STYLE
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/07/17/everything-you-ever-needed-or-wanted-to-know-about-picnics-vegan-style/ ]

top


4) A BIG THANK YOU TO OUR AMAZING VRG VOLUNTEERS

We would like to thank the following volunteers for their amazing work this month on VRG's Vegetarian Restaurant Guide, Outreach Booths and other projects:

  • Matt Baker, R.N.
  • Shani Stewart
  • Laura McGuiness
  • Anne Custer
  • Ivy Grob
  • Whitney Blomquist
  • Carter Merrick
  • Colin Hickey-Schiappa
  • Eric Sharer, MPH, RD, LDN
  • Reed Mangels, Ph.D., R.D.
  • Autumn Burton
  • Lily Donofrio
  • Casey Brown
  • Sage Craven
  • Alex Szydelski
  • Jon Burrier

You can volunteer for The Vegetarian Resource Group at our office located in Baltimore, MD, local outreach events or even remotely using your computer at home. If you would like to volunteer, please contact Nina at ninac@vrg.org.

top


5) UNSUNG VEGAN HEROES AWARD

Announcing the Lisa Shapiro Award for Unsung Vegan Heroes. This is your chance to recognize all those amazing behind-the-scenes superstars who are dedicating their lives to animals. The Award from thepollinationproject includes a cash prize and other vegan surprises. Read more:
https://thepollinationproject.org/announcing-lisa-shapiro-award/ ]

Nominations opened on July 12.

top


6) IGIVE

Everyone who joins IGIVE shopping to support VRG and tries the iGive Button through 10/15/15 means a $5 donation for The Vegetarian Resource Group. Go to:
http://www.iGive.com/VegetarianResourceGroup ]

top


7) CALCIUM STEARATE IN FOODS: VEGAN, BY JEANNE YACOUBOU, MS

By Jeanne Yacoubou, MS

Introduction

Calcium stearate is an anticaking agent used in a wide variety of foods including salt, spices, confections, snack products and dry mixes. The VRG noticed while doing a Spring 2015 update on stearic acid and its derivatives that several websites and books list calcium stearate as being primarily derived from cows or pigs. When we discovered from food ingredient manufacturers and suppliers that most calcium stearate used today in food products is from vegetable oils, we decided to check food labels and contact food companies to confirm if the calcium stearate present today in foods was indeed mostly or even solely vegetable-derived.

To accomplish this, we made extensive use of the Internet for locating edible products containing calcium stearate. Google® images of nutrition and supplement labels listed thousands of mostly pharmaceutical products. We went through the pages excluding supplements and any foods containing meat and/or dairy.

An immediate observation we made while searching for calcium stearate-containing foods was that very few products today contain calcium stearate unlike twenty years ago when it was more common. There are many substitute ingredients available today to take its place in foods such as silicon dioxide. (Calcium stearate, magnesium stearate as well as stearic acid are more commonly included today in dietary supplements and pharmaceuticals serving as binders or lubricants. Recent VRG research on the latter two ingredients also shows that for food and drug uses today, magnesium stearate and stearic acid are vegetable-derived in most cases we could find.)

Here is a list of food products containing calcium stearate. In every case, the VRG was told by company employees in May-July 2015 that their calcium stearate was vegetable-derived. Below the list are more details from the phone conversations and email exchanges we had while researching each product. (We've included Tums® products here because they are commonly used.)

Foods That Contain Vegan Calcium Stearate

  • Glutino's® Strawberry Breakfast Bars
  • Dutch Foods® Baked Potato Crisps (ketchup flavor), Salt-n-Vinegar Chips, Rip-L Chips
  • Rainy Day Foods®Applesauce
  • Lawry's® Asian Ginger, Garlic & Chile Rub
  • Fiesta Spices® products
  • Cookies Food Products® Flavor Enhancer & All-Purpose Seasoning
  • Also Salt®
  • Sencha Naturals® Green Tea Mints
  • IceChips® Candy
  • Barkley's® mints
  • Smarties® candy
  • Tum's®

Food Products

The VRG discovered that Tastefully Simple® sells a dry mix called Jalapeno Popper Warm Dip Mix containing calcium stearate but was unable to find out ingredient source information from the website.
https://www.tastefullysimple.com/shop-our-products/jalapeno-popper-warm-dip-mix-762605 ]

We were told on the phone by one company representative that "we need a doctor's note before our vendor will release source information." When we replied that our ingredient inquiry was based on ethical reasons as vegans and not any specific health reasons, the representative only repeated her company's policy about receiving a doctor's note before any ingredient information beyond what is on a label could be given to consumers.

The Glutino consumer response team initially replied by email that the calcium stearate in their Strawberry Breakfast Bars "is sourced from apple powder." The VRG found this response puzzling given that neither calcium nor stearic acid (from which calcium stearate is formed) is typically derived from apples on a commercial basis nor are they major constituents of apples. We asked Glutino to check with their food technologists to confirm.

A few days later The VRG received a call and an email from Glutino apologizing for their error. They wrote:

The calcium stearate used in our Glutino Breakfast Bars is [from] a vegetable source. Since it can be a combination of vegetable oils, we do not have the specific ingredient, but it is definitely a plant-based ingredient. So sorry for any confusion in our previous answer.
In early July 2015 The VRG noticed that calcium stearate was no longer listed in the ingredients statement for the bars. [ http://www.glutino.com/products/bars/strawberry-breakfast-bars/ ]

Some Dutch Foods snack products contain calcium stearate including the Baked Potato Crisps (ketchup flavor), Salt 'n Vinegar Chips and Rip-L Potato Chips.

We called them and were informed on the phone that the "calcium stearate in all products containing calcium stearate is vegetable-derived from corn or canola".

Rainy Day Foods sells an applesauce that has calcium stearate listed on its ingredient label.[ http://rainydayfoods.com/applesauce-35lb.html ] A Rainy Day Foods employee contacted their supplier, Tree Top®, who sent a Vegan/Vegetarian Statement about this product:

Dried apples, formulated fruit preps, fruit purees and concentrates are made from wholesome fruit, and do not contain any dairy or animal products. These products are suitable for vegetarians and vegans.
No beef or animal by-products are used in the processing or production of these products.

Spices and Salt

We contacted McCormick's about their Lawry's Asian Ginger, Garlic & Chile Rub.
http://www.mccormickforchefs.com/en/Products/Brands/Lawrys/Lawrys-Asian-Ginger-Garlic-and-Chile-Rub ]

When we initially wrote to them through their website contact form we received this email response from a consumer affairs specialist:

The calcium stearate in our Lawry's Asian Ginger, Garlic and Chile Rub is used as an anti-caking agent used for free flowing. It is an additive that makes ingredients blend well together. The main sources it would be derived from are mineral, vegetable or animal.

When we asked if the natural flavors in this product were animal-derived we received this response:

I am sorry, but that information is proprietary. Please be advised this product is not considered vegan. Natural flavors are flavors extracted from natural sources - from the rind, juice, leaves, roots or bark of fruits, herbs and spices. The term natural flavor or natural flavoring means the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractives.

The VRG called McCormick's for clarification and more information. We spoke with one other consumer affairs specialist on two occasions. During those conversations we learned that there were three different suppliers for the calcium stearate in Lawry's Asian Ginger, Garlic & Chile Rub. All three had been contacted about their ingredient source. We were informed by email that Lawry's Asian Ginger, Garlic & Chile Rub contains no animal products and the calcium stearate listed on the ingredient statement is vegetable- based.

The Food Safety Manager at Bolner's Fiesta Products® responded to our request for information about the calcium stearate in several of their products. [ https://www.fiestaspices.com/"); ?> He assured us on the phone that the calcium stearate in their products was derived "from a vegetable source." The VRG asked if he knew which vegetable source was used. The Food Safety Manager checked with his supplier and called us back within minutes to inform us that their "calcium stearate is derived from palm oil." He also asked if we'd like a complete list and so assembled the following for us:

  • Brisket Rub
  • Carne Guisada
  • Chili Mix
  • All of the Fajita Seasonings
  • Game Fish Seasoning
  • Garlic Salt
  • Garlic Pepper
  • Jerky Seasoning
  • Lemon Pepper (both salt and NS)
  • Meat Tenderizer
  • Onion Salt
  • Pico de Gallo Con Limon
  • Spanish Rice
  • Texas Style Steak
  • Seasoning Salt
  • Season-it-All
  • Chipotle Hamburger

The Food Safety Manager of Fiesta Products added: "Many of our blended items will have calcium stearate or silicon dioxide to be used to help prevent clumping."

Cookies Food Products Flavor Enhancer & All-Purpose Seasoning contains calcium stearate.
http://store.cookiesbbq.com/store/pc/Flavor-Enhancer-All-Purpose-Seasoning-8-oz-6p35.htm ]

We called Cookies about their ingredient source and an employee followed up by email: "Just received word that the calcium stearate is from a vegetable source."

The salt substitute Also Salt contains calcium stearate.
http://www.alsosalt.com/nutritionfacts.html ]

We received an email reply to our inquiry about its source and were informed it's a "plant source."

Confections

Sencha Naturals sells Green Tea Mints containing calcium stearate.
http://www.senchanaturals.com/collections/6pack-canisters/products/green-tea-mints-sen-cha-original-6-pack-of-canisters ]

We requested source information by email and received this reply:

Our calcium stearate in our green tea mints is not from an animal source. Our calcium stearate is plant-based and our mints are vegan.

The VRG spoke with a representative of Ice Chips Candy about the calcium stearate in their products. Initially we were told that their calcium stearate was "...from a local winery...a by-product of grape processing."
http://www.icechipscandy.com/ ]

Doubtful that calcium stearate came from wine processing, the VRG requested that Ice Chips contact the winery for confirmation that it was the calcium stearate that was derived from wine processing and not something such as tartaric acid or cream of tartar which may be derived from wine processing.

We received this email reply from Ice Chips:

I just spoke with one of the Grannies that formulated the Ice Chips.
I apologize for giving you incorrect information, but the calcium stearate is not a product of wine-making (that would be the cream of tartar).

She did not have the exact source we get those from handy, but did assure me that both ingredients have been tested and checked, and are completely vegan. That's actually something that the FDA allowed us to keep on our tins after double checking our sources.

There are "natural flavors" listed on the Ice Candy tins. The same company representative informed us by email that

...all of our flavors are plant-based. We do list "vegan" on every flavor except the three that contain milk.
All of our flavor concentrates/oils are made specially for us by Nature's Flavors®.
http://www.naturesflavors.com/ ]

Barkley's Mints is the only product the VRG has seen thus far on the market that explicitly states the source of the calcium stearate used in their products on the product label. In parentheses after "calcium stearate" appears "vegetable based." [ http://www.barkleys.ca/mints/ ]

Smarties candy contains calcium stearate. On the company website there is a vegan declaration:
http://www.smarties.com/product/vegan/ ]

Smarties ingredients contain no animal products...Our Smarties products are entirely free of meat, fish, dairy and eggs. You can rest assured that the calcium stearate is plant derived, and that no animal products were used in the processing of our candy's ingredients...

There are some products with the Smarties brand that are not manufactured by Smarties Candy Company. We recommend always checking a product's ingredients prior to purchase. Additionally, if the UPC number on the packaging begins with "0 11206", you can be assured that the product is vegan and manufactured in a facility that makes solely vegan products.

Supplements

Many Tums products contain either calcium stearate or magnesium stearate.
https://www.tums.com/products/ ]

We spoke with a product specialist who informed us that there are "no animal derivatives in Tums...magnesium stearate and calcium stearate are not of animal origin..."

Here is a list of Tums products containing calcium or magnesium stearate:

  • Tums Freshers -cool mint and spearmint flavors
  • Tums Extra Strength Sugar-Free
  • Tums Smoothies -assorted fruit; assorted tropical fruit; berry fushion; peppermint flavors
  • Tums Kids

Tums' product specialist pointed out that one Tums product contains a dairy ingredient: Tums Chewy Delights. This is stated on labels.

Conclusion

This list of foods containing calcium stearate is probably not exhaustive. It is representative of the types of food products that calcium stearate could be found in today. Since The VRG could not find even one animal-derived calcium stearate-containing food product and considering what ingredient manufacturers and suppliers had told us, we consider this a vegan ingredient noted with the caveat that although it is theoretically possible that calcium stearate for food use could be derived from lard or tallow, it is not so on a commercial basis in 2015. For more discussion and support of this classification see
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2015/05/06/anti-caking-agents-including-calcium-and-magnesium-stearate-non-animal-according-to-us-industry/ ]

Animal fat-based calcium stearate does have wide applications in several non-food related industries today including the cosmetics, plastics & rubber, paint & coatings, construction and paper industries although some companies have expressed concern over the safety of animal-derived ingredients.

For a historical overview:
http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/np/alwayssomethingnew/Animal32.pdf ]

For more recent information:

http://www.genengnews.com/gen-articles/animal-derived-agents-in-disposable-systems/1090/ ]
http://www.doverchem.com/Portals/0/Stearate%20BSE-TSE%20Statement.pdf ]
(Dover's site concerns non-food uses only.)
http://www.peter-greven.de/en/food-additives/ ]
http://www2.mallinckrodt.com/active_pharmaceutical_ingredients/stearates/ ]
(ingredient source listed by clicking on number before chemical name under list titled "Stearates Products")

The contents of this posting, our website and our other publications, including Vegetarian Journal, are not intended to provide personal medical advice. Medical advice should be obtained from a qualified health professional. We often depend on product and ingredient information from company statements. It is impossible to be 100% sure about a statement, info can change, people have different views, and mistakes can be made. Please use your best judgment about whether a product is suitable for you. To be sure, do further research or confirmation on your own.

To support The Vegetarian Resource Group research, donate at:
http://www.vrg.org/member/donate_buttons.php ]

Join at:
http://www.vrg.org/party/index.php ]

top


8) BECOME A MONTHLY DONOR FOR VRG

The Vegetarian Resource Group greatly appreciates the support given by our monthly donors. You can join our monthly giving group with a minimum gift of just $10 a month by going to www.vrg.org/donate. You will be part of a network of givers who support our outreach efforts on an ongoing basis. These donations allow us to continue vegan education in a wide variety of venues including schools, doctor and dietitian offices, libraries, various professional conferences, animal rights events, health fairs, environmental festivals, and much more. Thank you for your support! Go to: [ http://www.vrg.org/donate ]

top


9) VRG VEGAN RESTAURANT GATHERING - NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE - SUNDAY, OCTOBER 4, 2015

SITAR INDIAN RESTAURANT

Network with Vegetarian Resource Group staff, volunteers, and other dietitians from around the country during the annual meeting of The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Dietitians, VRG members, students, and the public are invited. Location is near the Lowes Vanderbilt, a FNCE (conference) hotel.

BUFFET MENU:

  • Samosa (potato and pea turnover)
  • Salad
  • Papadum (thin and crispy lentil crackers)
  • Roti (whole wheat bread)
  • Chutney
  • Rice, Tea
  • Yellow Dal (lentils)
  • Chana Masala (chickpeas)
  • Baingan Bhurtha (eggplant)
  • Bhindi Masala (okra)
  • Vegetable Patia (fresh vegetables with sweet and sour mangoes)
  • Fruit

PRICE INCLUDING TAX AND TIP

Payment before September 5, 2015: $25 $30 after September 5, 2015.

Refunds only made if we can replace your seat.

To pay, send to

The Vegetarian Resource Group
P.O. Box 1463
Baltimore, MD 21203

Call (410) 366-8343 Monday to Friday, 9 AM to 5 PM, or go to www.vrg.org/donate and write in the comments, "Nashville Indian dinner" and names of attendees.

top


10) ABOUT THE VEGETARIAN RESOURCE GROUP

Our health professionals, activists, and educators work with businesses and individuals to bring about healthful changes in your school, workplace, and community. Registered dietitians and physicians aid in the development of nutrition-related publications and answer member and media questions about vegetarian diets. The Vegetarian Resource Group is a non-profit organization. Financial support comes primarily from memberships, donations, bequests, and book sales. The Vegetarian Journal, a print magazine, is a benefit of membership in The VRG. (For more information, please see the Vegetarian Journal online
http://www.vrg.org/journal/ ] )

To sign up for the The Vegetarian Resource Group national email newsletter, please visit:
http://www.vrg.org/vrgnews/ ]

We are also on Facebook and Twitter

If you would like to make a donation, become a member, volunteer, or find out more about The VRG, contact us at:

The Vegetarian Resource Group
P.O. Box 1463
Baltimore, MD 21203
Phone: (410) 366-8343
Fax: (410) 366-8804
E-mail: vrg@vrg.org
Website: [ http://www.vrg.org/ ]

To donate:
http://www.givedirect.org/give/givefrm.asp?Action=GC&CID=1565/ ]

Copyright The Vegetarian Resource Group 2015 The contents of this newsletter, and our other publications, including Vegetarian Journal, are not intended to provide personal medical advice. Medical advice should be obtained from a qualified health professional. We often depend on product and ingredient information from company statements. It is impossible to be 100% sure about a statement, info can change, people have different views, and mistakes can be made. Please use your own best judgment about whether a product is suitable for you. To be sure, do further research or confirmation on your own.

top


11) ABOUT VRG NEWS

VRG-NEWS is the e-mail newsletter of The Vegetarian Resource Group. This is an announcement list so subscriber messages are not accepted by the list. If you have a technical question about the list, please contact us at vrg@vrg.org. If you have any suggestions, ideas, or corrections to VRG-NEWS, please direct them to vrg@vrg.org. Thanks.

If you are a new subscriber, you might enjoy reading past issues of VRG-NEWS online at
http://www.vrg.org/vrgnews/ ]

Please support our outreach and assistance to others
Join VRG: http://www.vrg.org/journal/subscribe.htm ]
Donate: https://www.givedirect.org/give/givefrm.asp?Action=GC&CID=1565 ]
Free email news: http://www.vrg.org/vrgnews/index.htm#subscribe ]
vrg@vrg.org
http://www.vrg.org ]

The Vegetarian Resource Group / Vegetarian Journal
P.O. Box 1463 / Baltimore MD 21203 US
(410) 366-8343

The VRG is an educational non-profit group providing information on vegetarianism & veganism.

To subscribe to VRG-NEWS, go to
http://www.vrg.org ] or
http://www.vrg.org/vrgnews/ ]

To unsubscribe, or otherwise manage your subscription to VRG-NEWS, go to
http://lists.vrg.org/mailman/listinfo/vrg-news_lists.vrg.org ]

(Go the bottom of the page where it says unsubscribe or edit options)

top